Internet Reference Library

Criminal Justice

Associations & Organizations 


Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences
"The Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS)...provides a forum for disseminating ideas related to issues in research, policy, education, and practice within the field."

ACLU Criminal Justice Site
Hosted by the American CIvil LIberties Union,this site includes press releases, background information, legal information and other resources concerning Criminal Justice.

American Bar Association
T"he American Bar Association provides law school accreditation, continuing legal education, information about the law, programs to assist lawyers and judges in their work, and initiatives to improve the legal system for the public."

American Society of Criminology
"The American Society of Criminology is an international organization whose members pursue scholarly, scientific, and professional knowledge concerning the measurement, etiology, consequences, prevention, control, and treatment of crime and delinquency." 

Bureau of Justice Assistance
A component of the U.S. Department of Justice, its purpose is to provide leadership and services in grant administration and criminal justice policy development to support local, state, and tribal justice strategies to achieve safer communities. The site includes grant and funding information, links to other justice programs, publications and other resources.

Bureau of Justice Statistics
Dept. of Justice site which provides extensive statistical data on aspects of crime and law enforcement.

The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice
Non-profit organization established to promote balanced and humane criminal justice policies that reduce incarceration and promote long-term public safety for juveniles. Website includes publications, policies, programs and related links.

The Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
"The Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), promotes the quality and availability of community-based substance abuse treatment services for individuals and families who need them." Website provides referral service for treatment as well as publications and other resources.

Internationl Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence
"Our aim is to enhance understanding of the role of intelligence analysis, encourage the recognition of intelligence analysis as a professional endeavor, develop International qualification and competency standards, reinforce professional concepts, devise training standards and curricula, furnish advisory and related services on intelligence analysis matters, conduct analytic-related research studies, and provide the ability to disseminate information regarding analytical techniques and methods."

 Justice Information Center (NCJRS)
Administered by the U.S. Dept . of Justice, offers extensive reference and referral services for questions about crime and justice-related research, policy, and practice. Search Questions & Answers to access hundreds of questions related to juvenile and criminal justice, victim assistance, drug policy, and NCJRS services.

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
NACJD facilitates research in criminal justice and criminology, through the preservation, enhancement, and sharing of computerized data resources; through the production of original research based on archived data; and through specialized training workshops in quantitative analysis of crime and justice data.

National Center for Juvenile Justice
The research division of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, NCJJ, provides a comprehensive resource for independent and original research on topics related directly and indirectly to the field of juvenile justice.

National Center on Institutions and Alternatives
Provides professional research, training and technical assistance for developing and supporting community-based programs in criminal and juvenile justice.

National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA)
The NCJA serves as the formal mechanism for informing the Congress of state, tribal and local criminal and juvenile justice needs and accomplishments. The website includes an extensive list of links to government agaencies, grant opportunities, legal resources, non-profit agencies and more.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service
"NCJRS is a federally funded resource offering justice and substance abuse information to support research, policy, and program development worldwide."

National Institute of Justice
The research, development, and evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice and is dedicated to researching crime control and justice issues.The website includes a searchable database of abstracts of available publications and full-text articles. Also includes some in video format.

National Institute on Drug Abuse
Part of the National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, NIDA supports over 85 percent of the world's research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction. The website includes special resources for teachers, parents and K-12 students as well as a database of free public domain publications and videos available for a nominal fee.

National Juvenile Court Data Archive
"Established by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, within the U.S. Department of Justice, to promote access to automated juvenile court data sets for juvenile justice research and policymaking efforts. "

National Center for Victims of Crime
"The nation's leading resource and advocacy organization for crime victims." The site includes an online resource library as well as legal information and helplines.

National Youth Gang Center
"The purpose of the NYGC is to assist policymakers, practitioners, and researchers in their efforts to reduce youth gang involvement and crime by contributing information, resources, practical tools, and expertise towards the development and implementation of effective gang prevention, intervention, and suppression strategies. " The site is searchable and includes online publications, gang-related news and legislation, conference and training links and funding links.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
This site supports national efforts to "prevent and respond to juvenile delinquency and victimization." It publicizes local programs that "develop and implement prevention and intervention programs and improve the juvenile justice system." Highlights include relevant statistics, funding opportunities, programs, publications, and events. Click on Resources for access to configurable lists of state, national, and international agencies and resources. Searchable. (LII)

Rape Victim Advocates

Information on sexual violence survivors.

Stanford Prison Experiment
"Information about this classsic psychology experiment, including parallels with the abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib."

VERA Institute of Justice
"Works closely with leaders in government and civil society to improve the services people rely on for safety and justice. Vera develops innovative, affordable programs that often grow into self-sustaining organizations, studies social problems and current responses, and provides practical advice and assistance to government officials in New York and around the world. The site includes more information about Vera's methods and learn about Vera's current and past projects—work that spans the core areas of the justice system: crime and victimization, policing, the judicial process, sentencing and correction




The American Correctional Association
"Oldest and largest correctional association in the world". The website includes resources for professional development and certification, standards and accreditation, networking, an online academy and research resources.

American Jail Association [AJA]
National, nonprofit organization that "exists to support those who work in and operate our nation's jails and is the only national association that focuses exclusively on issues specific to the operations of local correctional facilities." Site includes publications and technical information, information about training and education, awards and scholarships, conferences and more.

American Probation and Parole Assocation
For issues relevant to the field of community-based corrections. APPA provides training and technical assistance, clearinghouse services and advocacy.

The Corrections Connection
"The first weekly news source committed to improving the lives of corrections professionals and their families", intended as an open forum where practitioners could exchange ideas and utilize best practices, resources, case studies and new technologies.

Federal Bureau of Prisons
Locate federal prisons nationwide; learn how to locate inmates; and check prison employment opportunities. Find statistical information on institutions and inmates, including a weekly population report by institution, and inmate breakdowns by age, race, security level, and other criteria. Read historical documents and articles concerning BOP history, including Alcatraz and a list of all federal prisoners executed since 1927. Links to related sites, including the Federal Bureau of Prisons library catalog. Site is searchable. (LII)

International Community Corrections Association [ICCA]
The International Community Corrections Association (ICCA) is a private, non-profit organization representing a continuum of community-based corrections programs, providing information, training and other services to ehnance the quality of services and supervision for adult and juvenile offenders, as well as promote effective management practices.

Journal of Prisoners on Prison
"A prisoner written, academically oriented & peer reviewed, non-profit journal, based on the tradition of the penal press. It brings the knowledge produced by prison writers together with academic arguments to enlighten public discourse about the current state of carceral institutions. "

National Criminal Justice Reference Service
"A federally funded resource offering justice and substance abuse information to support research, policy, and program development worldwide." Site includes extensive library of full-text articles.

The Other Side of the Wall
No longer active, this site is an archives of articles and literary writing on topics having to do with prisons, criminal justice and the death penalty.

A Prisoner's Dictionary
A list of prison-related procedural terms and prisoners' jargon, with an emphasis on California prison culture. Includes Numbers and Maxims . (LII)

The Sentencing Project
This organization is "an independent source of criminal justice policy analysis, data and program information for the public and policy-makers [which has] become a national leader in the development of alternative sentencing programs and in the reform of criminal justice policy." The site includes policy report summaries and publications (full reports may be ordered); briefing/fact sheets (with statistics about prisons and prisoners); events; and current related news articles. (LII)

U.S. Sentencing Commission
"An independent agency in the judicial branch of the federal government, was established in 1985 to develop national sentencing guidelines for the federal courts." Site includes publications such as training and educational materials, federal sentencing statistics, information about specific cases, press releases, and more.

World Prison Population List
This report, available only in PDF format, "gives details of the number of prisoners held in some 200 independent countries and dependent territories. It shows the differences in the level of imprisonment across the world and makes possible an estimate of the world prison population total." Second edition, 2000, from the United Kingdom Home Office Research, Development, and Statistics Directorate. (LII)



American Prosecutors Research Institute
Formed by the National Association of District Attorneys, is a non-profit research and program development resource for prosecutors at all levels of government. considered "a vital resource and national clearinghouse for information on the prosecutorial function." The site includes research, publications, a newsroom and links to other internet sources in criminal justice arranged by subject area.

Federal Judicial Center
The education and research agency for the federal courts. The site contains the results of Center research on federal court operations and procedures and court history, as well as selected educational materials.

National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers
"The preeminent organization in the United States advancing the mission of the nation's criminal defense lawyers to ensure justice and due process for persons accused of crime or other misconduct." This site is designed as both an open forum for the discussion of criminal justice policies and practice as well as a private online service for members of NACDL.

U.S. Courts: Federal Judiciary
Site includes a newsroom, searchable map to all levels of federal courts throughout the U.S., a library of forms, publications, fee schedules and web resouces and FAQs about the judicial system.



International Legal Dictionary
Sponsored by a Canadian lawyer, site includes legal terms used internationally.

Lectric Legal Lexicon
Includes thousands of definitions and explanations of legal terms, phrases and concepts.


Domestic Violence


Domestic Violence Awareness Handbook
A U.S. Department of Agriculture handbook with links to other government resources

Family Violence

National Criminal Justice Reference Service statistics, legislation, publications and resources

Homicide Trends in the U.S.-Intimate Homicide
Data from the U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics

Intimate Partner Violence
A fact sheet from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

Medline Plus - Domestic Violence

An excellent compilation of resources on domestic violence by the National Library of Medicine

National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services publications on domestic violence

Violence Against Women

A compilation of resources by the National Women's Health Information Center


Criminal Justice Links
Extensive list of links to sites involving all aspects of criminal justice maintained by the Florida State University College of Criminal Justice.

Guide to Crinimal Justice Degree Programs
A listing of criminal justice degrees, career positions and colleges and universities that offer a degree in criminal justice.

Research Guides for Criminal Justice
The University of Delaware's research guides for criminal justice.



Department of Justice Web Sites

Bureau of Justice Statistics
"Information on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of government."

Capital Punishment
"This annual publication of the Bureau of Justice Statistics presents the characteristics of persons under sentence of death."

Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics
"Includes statistics covering all areas of the federal justice system including numbers of persons prosecuted, convicted, incarcerated, sentenced to probation, released pretrial, and under parole or other supervision."

Correctional Populations in the United States
"Presents data on the number of persons in the United States who were under some form of correctional supervision."

Crime and Justice Data Online
"This tool allows you to contruct data tables on criminal offenses..homicide trends...and Law enforcement management and administration."

Crime and Justice Electronic Data Abstracts
"Topics include data on crimes and arrests, criminal justice, corrections, and demographic details. Jurisdictions include nationa, federal, state, county, and city."

Crime & Justice - Web Junction
Guides for finding and compiling statistics from government websites.

Crime Characteristics
Violent and property crimes data.

Criminal Victimization in the United States
crimes of violence, crime characteristics, victim-offender relationship, whether crimes were reported to police, police response time, and other factors."

Federal Court Management Statistics
“Provides statistical profiles for each of the 12 U.S. courts of appeals and 94 U.S. district courts–plus national totals for the appellate and district courts–for the fiscal year ending September 30."

Federal Judicial Caseload Statistics
“Statistical tables on the caseload of the federal Judiciary for the 12-month period ending March 31 address the work of the U.S. courts of appeals, district courts and bankruptcy courts, as well as the federal probation and pretrial services system."

Federal Sentencing Statistics by State, District and Circuit
“Information found in the individual reports includes mode of conviction, type of sentence, incarceration rate for defentants eligible for non-prison sentences, average length of imprisonment, comparison of imposed sentence to the guideline range,  and more."

Hate Crime Statistics
"Published annually, this presents data regarding incidents, offenses, victims, and offenders in reported crimes that were motivated in whole or in part by a bias against the victim's perceived race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disability."

Homicide Trends in the United States
Administered by Northeastern University, this site contains a series of charts that describe homicide patterns and trends in the United States since 1976.

Indicators of School Crime and Safety
"This publication is a joint effort by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Center for Education Statistics. It presents data on crime and safety at school from the perspectives of students, teachers, principals, and the general population. "

Judicial Facts and Figures
Historical caseload statistics for the federal judiciary. Provides current and historical caseload statistics for the U.S. courts of appeals, district courts, and bankruptcy courts for the fiscal year ending September 30. Table 1.1 is a good source for judgeship information, including the total numbers of active and senior Article III judges (who are appointed for life), magistrate judges, and bankruptcy judges.”

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
"tdata sets covering corrections, courts, crime and delinquency, the criminal justice system, hate crimes, homicides, international crime, police, victimization, violent crimes, and several other areas."

National Crime Victimization Survey

"the Nation's primary source of information on criminal victimization" See the National Crime Victimization Survey Resource Guide listed below.

National Ciminal Justice Reference System

 National Institute of Justice
Statistics available on topics related to corrections, courts, crimes, crime prevention, drugs and crime, forensic sciences, law enforcement, and victims & victimization.

Prison Statistics
"The Bureau of Justice Statistics publishes several statistical series covering prison populations. This page serves as a switchboard to these publications."

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics
"Hosted at the State University of New York at Albany, this Bureau of Justice Statistics publication is a comprehensive compendium of criminal justice data. Topic covered include corrections, courts, finance, judges, and law enforcement.."

Statistical Briefing Book (OJJDP)
"The Department of Justice's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention provides the Statistical Briefing Book as an easy-to-use resource for statistical information on juvenile offending, victimization of juveniles, and involvement of youth in the juvenile justice system."

Statistical Tables for the Federal Judiciary
Detailed Federal Caseload statistics.

Trafficking in Persons Report
Covers "severe forms of trafficking in persons".

Federal Bureau of Investigation Web Sites

FBI Uniform Crime Reports
Administered by the FBI, this site provides " reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation including special publications and "archives of several annual statistical publications, including Crime in the United States, Hate Crime Statistics, and Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, produced from data provided by nearly 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the United States.

FBI Uniform Crime Reports
Administered by the FBI, this site provide

Council of European Social Science Data Archives
"CESSDA is an umbrella organisation for social science data archives across Europe."

Statistics from over 100 federalagencies.  Scan the A to Z list to find statistics on your topic.


 Michigan State University Libraries Criminal Justice Resources: Crime Statistics

 National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
"The source for crime and justice data."

National Crime Victimization Survey Resource Guide
Use this guide to find and download data from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

The Population Reference Bureau
Demographic  information on population, ethnic groups, poverty, income levels, etc.

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics
Over 600 tables of data from various government and private souces on criminal justice.

 Uniform Crime Reports
“The UCR Program is a voluntary city, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement program that provides a nationwide view of crime based on the submission of statistics by nearly 17,000 law enforcement agencies throughout the country.”

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
"The Bureau of Labor Statistics is the principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics."

U.S. Census Bureau
Demographic  information on population, ethnic groups, poverty, income levels, etc.

2009 Statistical Abstract of the United States
"The Statistical Abstract of the United States is the standard summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States."

U.S. Census Bureau Data Access Tools
A list of tools for finding statistical information

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