Internet Reference Library

Political Science

American Political Development
“American Political Development is the interdisciplinary study of the deep historical roots of politics in the United States.” This site offers news, forums, oral histories, presidential recordings, national commissions, and links to other resources.

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Biographical information for all individuals who have served in the United States Congress and the Continental Congress. Biographies are also included for persons who have served as delegates to Congress from the territories of the United States. (LII)

Center for Global Development
An "independent, non-partisan, non-profit think tank dedicated to reducing global poverty and inequality through policy oriented research and engagement on development issues," the CGD's focus is on policies of the "United States and other industrial countries that affect development prospects in poor countries." Searchable. (LII)

Commission on Presidential Debates
Find history about U.S. Presidential and Vice- Presidential debates, debate transcripts from 1960 to present, video reenactments of historical debates, news, and more. Includes tips for hosting a Debatewatch, which "brings citizens like you together to watch the televised debates." (LII)
Information about the United States Congress and its membership. Includes photographs; room, phone, and fax numbers; key staff; committee assignments; district office addresses; information on current legislation; and tips on communicating with elected officials ("Capitol Hill Basics"). (LII)

This site is a resource for teachers of American government and civics that "provides information about the U.S. Congress -- how it works, its members and leaders, and the public policies it produces." It includes "lesson plans and historical materials and up-to-the-minute information about Congress." (LII)


Current and archived political news coverage from C-SPAN, a not-for-profit collection of television networks "committed to televising the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate when they are in session. In addition, C-SPAN covers congressional hearings, White House press briefings, speeches, and other important public affairs events." Also find real-time audio for Senate hearings, a Congressional guide, media links, and much more. (LII)

Foreign Affairs Online
"Foreign Affairs Online has been specifically designed to assist students and other individuals interested in International Relations, International Law, and U.S. Foreign Policy.

Pew Global Attitudes Project
This is "a series of worldwide public opinion surveys. More than 90,000 interviews in 50 countries have been conducted as part of the project." The website features reports (on topics such as European views of the U.S. and Islamic extremism), commentaries (on free trade, global gender gaps, and other topics), datasets, and summaries of news items. From the Pew Research Center. (LII)

POTUS: Presidents of the United States
"In this resource you will find background information, election results, cabinet members, notable events, and some points of interest on each of the presidents. Links to biographies, historical documents, audio and video files, and other presidential sites are also included."

Project Vote Smart
Tracks the performance of more than 40,000 office holders and candidates for public office. Resources include voting records, issues information, background information, campaign finances and performance evaluations made by over 100 liberal to conservative special interest groups, and other directories of political information. (LII)

Public Agenda Online
" Public Agenda is a nonpartisan, nonprofit public opinion research and citizen education organization." Its site presents "policy options and public opinion behind critical public concerns" such as abortion, crime, gay rights, illegal drugs, race, and the right to die. (LII)

Thomas: U. S. Congress Home Page
"In the spirit of Thomas Jefferson, legislative information from the Library of Congress."

U.S. Constitution
"In this database, GPO Access makes available editions and supplements from 1992 forward of Constitution Analysis and Interpretation." These annotations of cases decided by the U.S. Supreme Court provide analyses and interpretations of the U.S. Constitution. Searchable and browsable. The site also links to the text of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. From the Congressional Research Service in the Library of Congress. (LII)

U.S. Department of State
This official site offers information reflecting the diverse activities of the U.S. Department of State. There is information on traveling and living abroad, international issues, business, and the department's educational and cultural programs. There are also press releases, recent news, background material on countries and regions, help with the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), and more. Searchable. (LII)

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